Garden Figments

Water Feature Tips

Water features including ponds are a very attractive addition to any garden. If you include a water feature in your garden design then follow our water feature maintenance plan below:

SPRING

Water & Plants

  • Use a test kit to check the pH of the water and adjust if necessary
  • Any early growth of algae or blanket weed should be cleared
  • Use barley straw to reduce algae and encourage water fleas
  • Carry out new or replacement planting
  • Divide and transplant marginal and moisture loving plants
  • Re-plant frost tender plants which have been protected over winter
  • Cut back old foliage which has been left to protect plants
  • Add mulch to bog gardens and margins to prevent weed growth

Fish & Wildlife

  • As weather becomes warmer start feeding fish
  • Protect frogspawn and tadpoles from fish

Structures & Equipment

  • Clean around pond area to prevent slippery surfaces
  • Repair pond edgings
  • Check and repair decks and bridges
  • Check and repair electrical equipment and cables
  • Service pumps
  • If a pool heater is used then remove and store

SUMMER

Water & Plants

  • Check water level on a regular basis and top up if necessary
  • Use a test kit to check the pH of the water and adjust if necessary
  • Check for algae and blanket weed and remove as necessary
  • Check for dead and dying leaves on plants and remove as necessary
  • Deadhead flowering plants on a regular basis
  • Check plants for pests and diseases and treat as necessary
  • Collect seeds from aquatic plants for propagation
  • Feed plants using a slow release fertilizer
  • Divide and transplant water lilies
  • Thin oxygenators
  • Add special fertilizer to aquatics

Fish & Wildlife

  • This is a good time to put new fish into the pond
  • Use high protein foods to feed fish
  • Check fish for disease and treat as necessary
  • Use a pond net to protect against herons etc

Structures & Equipment

  • Biological filters should be cleaned
  • Clean fountain and waterfall pump strainers
  • Clean fountain jets and nozzles
  • Top up water levels in freestanding water features

AUTUMN

Water & Plants

  • Check for dead and dying leaves on plants and remove as necessary
  • Cut back submerged plants where growth is excessive
  • Collect young plantlets etc for propagation
  • Move tender plants to a frost free location
  • Where tender plants cannot be moved then protect with mulch

Fish & Wildlife

  • Feed fish on sunny days
  • Create cover for fish to use to protect themselves during winter
  • Add rocks or log piles for newts to hibernate

Structures & Equipment

  • Use a pond net to catch autumn leaves and remove as necessary
  • Remove, clean and store any pumps and filters which will not be used during winter
  • If pumps are used during winter then move them closer to water surface

WINTER

Water & Plants

  • During very cold weather keep an area of water from freezing
  • If snow falls onto ice on the pond then brush it away to allow light into pond
  • Remove any dead vegetation
  • Add a mulch of compost to pond side plants

Fish & Wildlife

  • Do not feed fish when temperature is very low
  • Avoid disrupting the pond so that you do not disturb hibernating pond life

Structures & Equipment

  • Add a water heater to ensure that there is an area of water which is ice free
  • If the pond does totally freeze over then use a pot of hot water to create a hole in the ice
  • Protect or move container water gardens
  • If water feature pots are not fully frost resistant then remove water from them

 If you're interested in adding a simple water feature to your garden then check out our sister website 'Patio Cascades' which specialises in solar powered and self contained waterfalls and fountains